Eventually, Jews in Poland won the right to make and sell bread – not ordinary bread, which was still viewed with suspicion by Christian customers, but bread that was boiled, and thus distinctive and different from bread supplied by Christian bakers.Jewish bakers made round-shaped pastries like obwarzanek, but boiled them instead of baking the bread, calling them bagels.I would have invited you, but I know that woman you live with would have never let you come.I bet she's never even watched that videotape of my haemorrhoid surgery, has she?Within Judaism there are a variety of movements, most of which emerged from Rabbinic Judaism, which holds that God revealed his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai in the form of both the Written and Oral Torah.
A typical Reform position is that Jewish law should be viewed as a set of general guidelines rather than as a set of restrictions and obligations whose observance is required of all Jews.
Judaism is the tenth-largest religion in the world.
Judaism includes a wide corpus of texts, practices, theological positions, and forms of organization.
That began to change in Poland, where enlightened views began to prevail, and Jews began to be welcomed – cautiously.
In 1264, the Polish Prince Boleslaw the Pious declared that “Jews may freely buy and sell and touch bread just like Christians.” It was a momentous announcement, but Church officials quickly moved to limit the Jews’ new right, forbidding Christians from buying “Jewish” bread, and telling congregants that Jewish-made bread was poisoned.